The rights that go with real property can be summed up by the term appurtenances. When real property is sold, appurtenant rights are ordinarily sold along with it. They can, however, be sold separately, and may be limited by past transactions. In addition to knowing the boundaries of the land and which items are considered part of the real property (fixtures vs. personal property), homeowners and lenders also need to understand which rights are being transferred along with that parcel of real estate.

Fee simple ownership includes such other appurtenances as access rights, surface rights, subsurface rights, mineral rights, some water rights, and limited air rights. One way to understand the rights that accompany real property is to imagine the property as an inverted pyramid, with its tip at the center of the earth and its base extending out into the sky. An owner has rights to the surface of the land within the property’s boundaries, plus everything under or over the surface within the pyramid. This includes oil and mineral rights below the surface, and certain water and air rights. Air rights are sometime regulated by each state allowing for air traffic and water rights can differ from state to state.

It is possible, though, for the owner to transfer only some of the rights of ownership to another person. For example, a property owner may sell the mineral rights to a piece of property, but keep ownership of the farm. Later, when the land is sold, the mineral rights will most likely stay with the mining company (depending upon the wording of the contract involved) even though the rest of the bundle of rights in the land is transferred to the new owner. The new owner is limited by the past transaction of the previous owner, and may not sell these mineral rights to another party, nor transfer them in a future sale of the land.

A lender must know if the entire bundle of rights is being transferred (fee simple) or if there are restrictions or past transactions that may limit the current transfer of ownership in any way. This is important because it may have a great effect on the value of the real property. Transfer of access rights for a sidewalk to be placed across the front of a subdivision lot generally would not have a significant impact on the value of a piece of land. Transfer of mineral rights to a mining company, as in the previous example, likely would impact the value.

Source by Joe Jesuele

Looking forward to spending an incredible time with your kids? Dutch Wonderland – the family amusement park located in Lancaster, Pennsylvania is where you should definitely go. Its tagline “Kingdom for Kids” fits to a T for the theme park!

The amusement park is for families, with kids who’re 10 years or younger. Some say, it’s strictly for kids but we argue – it’s for the kids in heart!

The park is located 4 miles east of Lancaster, PA, on Lincoln Highway East.

Things that draw to Dutch Wonderland

The amusement park has over 30 rides along with Duke’s Lagoon – a summer water park designed especially for the kids. Nearby, there’s a segmented area for adults. Here, they can relax, enjoy different activities and keep an eye on their kids. Kids and adults both would love the family-sized cabanas, here at the lagoon!

As of 2014, the park has over 15 huge robo-dinosaurs, a fossil dig site, canal cruise and turnpike cars in the Exploration Island alone. The aptly named island at the back of the park, developed with a prehistoric concept and feel, adds more to kids’ imaginations and wonderment.

No wonder, one of the most popular magazines in the country – Today magazine, has voted Dutch Wonderland – one of the Top 5 Best Kid’s Parks in the World! A great feat that only motivates the park to provide even more special and unique quality services to its visitors.

The park has taken every tiny detail in consideration and come up with fun rides that are perfect for the little angels. The park also features rest spots and eateries for visitors to relax, after a tiresome ride or a walk around the park.

The staffs here are friendly and provide great assistance to the parents with their kids. It’s a known fact everywhere in the world – you need a great level of patience and tolerance to handle the kids.

Who would not remember the family outing of Jon and Kate with their kids to Dutch Wonderland on the show Jon & Kate Plus 8 aired on the TLC in an episode named “Gosselins Go Dutch”.

One of the events on the list that the park does best is hosting birthday bash for the little wonders. Parents who want their kids to have an epic birthday party can have it in the park. Even the adults can join! The amazing staffs here will take care of the event, from beginning to the end.

Despite the fun loving image of the amusement park, it is quite strict. The park has uncompromising rules and policies on Safety First for everyone. So, parents can be rest assured that their family is in good hands. Some of the park rules, though, can get on the nerves of the visitors e.g. The park does not allow any kind of pet inside the park, be it – dogs, cats, rabbits, gerbils, lizards, snakes, pigs, hamsters, turtles, birds, tarantulas, mice, monkeys, ferrets, ponies and so on. But, it does consider people with physical disabilities and allow them to bring along certified service dogs.

Let’s talk about the rides in Dutch Wonderland

Here is a list of fun and sweet attractions, as well as rides for kids and the kids in heart. When you visit the park, it’s for sure that you and the kids will have a tough time deciding which one to try first!

As for what these rides are all about, you’ll see for yourself when you reach there! Plus, being pleasantly surprised at these attractions is one of the joyful things you should definitely look forward to.

Just for the little ones to have a wonderful time:

· Choo Choo Charlie

· Duke’s Dozers

· Off-Road Rally

· Panda Party

· Silo Slide

· Wiggle Racers

· Wonder Whip

· Frog Hopper

· Leapin’ Frogs

· Sky Fighter

Rides for the whole family:

· Astroliner

· Monorail

· Dragon’s Lair

· Gondola Cruise

· River Boat

· Merry-Go-Around

· The Twister

· The Tug Boat

· Sunoco Turnpike

· Turtle Whirl

· VR Voyager

· Wonder House

· Wonderland Special

· Bumper Cars

· Kite Flight

· Sky Ride

· Fun Slide

· Flying Trapeze

· Kingdom Coaster

· Space Shuttle

· Joust Family Coaster

Besides the rides, don’t forget that the park has some outstanding shows and events, along with Duke’s Lagoon – A fun water park for kids to enjoy in summer!

Hungry for more?

It’s a fact that going around these rides and attractions around the park will make anyone pretty hungry. So, if you are wondering, where one can grab a delicious bite in the area, here are few restaurants and food stalls in and around the park-


· Melin’s Restaurant

· Millstream Eatery

· Potato Patch

· Subway

· Noble Roman’s Pizza

· Nathan’s Famous

· Sharky’s Grill

Sweet, Treats and Snacks:

· Breyer’s Ice Cream Parlor and Coffee Shoppe

· Breyer’s Ice Cream Shoppe

· Breyer’s Ice Cream Parlor

· Funnel Cake Factory

· Dole Whip Junction

· The Slush Shack

· Dippin Dots

· Uncle Andy’s

· Rita’s Italian Ice

For planning a trip to Dutch Wonderland, get the passes that suit your need best!

The season passes offered by the park are –

· 2015 Premium Season Pass at $104.99 each

· 2015 Gold Hershey park Combo Pass at $210.00 each

· 2015 Basic Summer Pass (Ages 3+) at $84.99 each

· 2015 Royalty Single Day Visit (Ages 3 – 50) at $39.99 each at the park gate only.

All these passes come with different discounts in different combinations –

· Sister Park Discounts

· Unlimited 2015 Summer Season Visits

· Unlimited 2015 Happy Hauntings Visits

· Unlimited 2015 Dutch Winter Wonderland Visits

· Unlimited 2015 Hershey park Visits

· Being a Friend Discounts

· Free Parking

· Souvenir Cup with $.99 Refills

· 15% Food Discount

· 15 % Merchandise Discount

· 20% Camping Discount (Old Mill Stream Campground)

The park is closed on the following days:

· Thanksgiving Day – November 26,

· Christmas Eve – December 24,

· Christmas Day – December 25,

· New Year’s Eve – December 31

· New Year’s Day – January 1

Dutch Wonderland – A little bit of fact & a little bit of history

Dutch Wonderland covers around 48 acres (18 ha) filled with amusing rides and activities for the kids. The park is small enough for them to walk around without getting tired and huge enough that they don’t easily get bored. This winter wonderland, as many choose to call it, is in the region of Amish & PA Dutch Countryside.

It was opened on 20th May in 1963 for families to spend some quality and fun time together. One of the highlights of the park is the entrance stone. It is a castle which seems identical to one described in the fairy tales. It was established by Earl Clark before the park was opened.

The park is kids-centric, though, it takes care of the adults too. It offers equally engaging activities to do and things to see in and around the park. Everyone’s welcome, be it- parents, grandparents, distant relatives, family friends; anyone who tags along. The needs and wants from young to old and everyone in-between is thoughtfully cared about. Everything is managed accordingly by the hardworking and dedicated staff of the Dutch Wonderland Family Amusement Park.

A lot of companies have been in-charge of its operation. The Clark family was in complete control when it was first opened. It was then sold to Hershey Entertainment and Resorts Company. For a long time, it was operated as a joint- venture with Wonderland Mini-Golf and Old Mill Stream Campground, along with Gift Shop at Kitchen Kettle Village in Intercourse, Pennsylvania. Finally, Palace Entertainment took control over the park on 12th November in 2010. They have followed the original concept introduced by the Clark Family, and have brought minor reforms to improve the overall experience.


Dutch Wonderland Family Amusement Park

2249 Lincoln Highway East

Lancaster, PA 17602


Primary – (717) 291-1888

Toll Free – (866) 386-2839

A few of the great places to stay at while visiting Dutch Wonderland:

· Double Tree Resort by Hilton Lancaster

· Heritage Hotel Lancaster

· Best Western Premier Eden Resort & Suites

· Fulton Steamboat Inn

Besides the amusement park itself that takes days to fully explore, there are also other options nearby that parents and other family members can consider visiting.

Here are 10 attractions for you to explore:

1. Tanger Outlets Lancaster

311 Stanley K Tanger Blvd, Lancaster, PA 17602-1467

This one is definitely for the shopaholics. You will find anything and everything here. A perfect shopping spot. Go with the motto Shop till you drop!

2. Mennonite Information Center

2209 Millstream Road, Lancaster, PA 17602

Get to know a bit of history of the Amish and Mennonites, from their origins in Europe to their present status in the USA. The friendly staffs are always ready to share their knowledge and provide you with an amazing service.

3. American Music Theatre

2425 Lincoln Hwy, East P.O. Box 10757, Lancaster, PA 17605

This one is for the music & theatre lovers, with great performances to watch, especially on Christmas. With the very talented actors and well-choreographed acts for each show, American Music Theatre does not disappoint.

4. The United States Hot Air Balloon Team

2737 Old Philadelphia Pike, Lancaster, PA 17505

The United States Hot Air Balloon Team is an awesome option for fun. A hot air balloon ride, high up in the sky! Watch the incredible landscape of Lancaster, PA; notice its farm lands pass below when you move.

5. Sight and Sound Theatres

300 Hartman Bridge Road, Strasburg, PA 17579-0310

An amazing showcase of Moses with what some consider even better than the Broadway. This one has not only lights, music and live performances but beautiful story to tell. They are said to mesmerize the audiences and have them engulfed in the show.

6. Caribbean Indoor Water Park

2100 Lincoln Highway East, Lancaster, PA 17602

Super friendly staffs and great service! It has four different pools and fun water rides for kids that operate during winter too! You don’t have to worry about rain or cold, as it’s nice, warm and toasty inside.

7. Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania

300 Gap Road PA Route 741, Strasburg, PA 17579

If you are interested in beautifully restored and preserved antique trains, Railroad Museum is the place you shouldn’t miss. Visitors also get to have an insight into the history of these structures.

People visiting Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania are sure to have a great time seeing these large trains. Being around them will surely turn anyone into a kid!

8. Fulton Theatre

12 North Prince Street, Lancaster, PA 17603

Built in 1852, Fulton Theatre is a gem of Victorian architecture and a National Historic Landmark. Till this day, they continue to entertain their audience with great musicals, comedies and dramas.

9. Biblical Tabernacle Reproduction

2209 Millstream Road Mennonite Information Center, Lancaster, PA

Take a step back in history with an interesting replica of the original Tabernacle, describing what it is for and its importance. Stroll around and take-in all the interesting things you can learn and see from it. This one is for the geeks in us.

10. Bird in Hand Farmers Market

2710 Old Philadelphia Pike, Bird in Hand, PA 17505

Bird in Hand Farmers Market is definitely a paradise for food lovers and people who love to cook meals for others. One can find many local delicacies along with some of the mouth-watering delicious foods – jams and jellies, homemade soft pretzels, fresh apple cider, pies and cookies, fudge and chocolates, and many more.


Well, all these information can only let you have a small idea of what the family amusement park has to offer. So, how about knowing for sure what this theme park is all about? Here’s what some of the families have to say about their experience in the park.

Fun for the whole family

Season pass holder for 3 years

Our first time and it was GREAT

Great fun for kids

If you think this one is just for the kids and families, then you are sorely mistaken. Anyone who is a kid in heart and/or is a part of a group who simply want to revisit those carefree days of childhood can visit this park. You will find that joyful laughter once again forgetting the woes of the present. So, simply enjoy a day out in the sun, at the Dutch Wonderland!

If you have more stories about your time in this wonderful place, then please do share your experience with us. We would love to hear from you.

Source by Jasmine Sawyer

How about ditching the guys for one day and have an all-girls limousine trip to Philadelphia for some fun and excitement? Make this trip an extra special one by booking a limousine, so that you and your girlfriends do not have to argument about who will be the one driving for the trip.

Start out your all-girls limousine trip with a cup of tea or coffee at a locally owned bakery such Petit 4 Pastry Studio, together with some delicately crafted muffins. Once you have had your breakfast at this unique bakery, get your limousine driver to take you check out Philadelphia's oldest attractions such as the Liberty Bell.

The Liberty Bell, home of the cracked icon that started out as a symbol of the Abolitionist movement, and soon represented freedom throughout the world. Here, you and your limousine girls will be able to explore the facts and the myths surrounding the Bell. You may also want to keep your cameras handy to capture some of the dramatic and powerful views of both the Liberty Bell and the Independence Hall, just a few steps away.

When you and your limousine girls are done with historical facts, how about some shopping? Have your limousine driver bring you over to the blocks of 2nd and 3rd Streets between Market and Race for some high-end galleries and boutiques. You and your limousine girls will be thrilled to know that there is no sales tax on clothing here and the wearable merchandise range from straight-from-the-runway fashions at Molletta to the Seven and James brand jeans at Charles Porter, to custom-designed handbags at Viv Pickle.

After the shopping spree, you and your limousine girls can wind down for some lunch at Cuba Libre for some Cuban cuisine. The Cuba Libre's atmosphere is a unique combination of Latin flavor, ambience and splendor and you may even think that you are in old Havana.

When lunch is over, it is time for a visit to one of the world's finest collections of Impressionist art, as well as some amazing collective of native African art, masks and objects from Nigeria, Gabon and the Ivory Coast, among other countries. An important thing to remember about this place though, is that it is best to call in advance for tickets.

For dinner, ask your limousine driver to take you to Gloria's Gourmet Seafood. Gloria's Gourmet Seafood is part restaurant and part nightclub and they have live performances on certain nights too. The atmosphere at Gloria's is casual, but you are advised to leave the jeans and sneakers at home.

If you and your limousine girls do not wish to stay back at Gloria's after dinner, you can also choose to party into the wee hours at a nearby nightclub – Fiso Lounge. If you happen to hang out at Fiso Lounge on a Friday, you and your limousine girls will also be able to enjoy free drinks until 11pm.

When you have had enough of dancing and drinking at Fiso's, you and your limousine girls can enjoy the ride home in the limousine, without a tinge of regret of booking it in the first place.

Source by Marsha Maung


“The act or process of educating or being educated; the knowledge or skill obtained or developed by a learning process!”

Inquiries into furthering my educational aspirations were made to various colleges within my immediate environmental area. Several of the schools contacted required placement exams that I did not challenge, as I am adept and very capable of dealing with college examinations. The thing that got to me was the disparaging remarks from some college recruiters regarding their standards for education as opposed to another college. One of the schools that I’ve attended is a two-year degree school while the other is as well. They hold real estate in the same zip code and competed for students in the same local. They both educated local students as well as out of state and students from other countries and nations.

One school considered itself superior to the other by reason of accreditation. The school that was described as inferior did not have middle states accreditation. The school was described as below standard by the other. The so-called superior school is lead and operated by a non-HBCU affiliation while the other happened to be lead and operated by an African American staff. The self-described superior school has made plans, designs, and did bid for the take-over of the African American school. Albeit, the self-described superior school admits that it does not and will not accept credentials from the so-called inferior school. I have attended both of these institutions and received very good instruction from its teachers as well. While the lessons learned were an invaluable source of information, the education that I received from personal academic research (self-taught) has enhanced my knowledge base. Money was not a factor in my personal research, study, and/or practicum. I would add, the knowledge and information that was derived from the HBCU School proved to be equally rewarding as the other if not better!

Personally, I would say that I received more educational value at the HBCU (Historical Black Colleges and Universities) as opposed to the other collegiate institution. Albeit, they both required money.

When students visit college campuses they are encouraged to become a student at that particular school. The tour guides’ show all of the amenities and accolades that are offered in order to get you enrolled…and to gain your tuition monies. But what about the quality of education offered by the particular schools? The majority of the colleges will often quote their accreditation as compared to another school of choice. What has accreditation to do with a good and valuable quality education? Money! And the ability to make money! Education does not and should not require money! 

In 1899 Dr. Matthew Anderson, an outstanding community leader, and his wife Caroline Still Anderson founded Berean Manual and Industrial School. Dr. Anderson was a pivotal influence in the religious, business, and educational history of Philadelphia. Dr. Anderson also founded the Berean Presbyterian Church and the Berean Savings Fund Society.

Caroline Still is the daughter of the great William Still, a Philadelphia Abolitionist and member of the Underground Railroad.

Mr. William Still (a self-educated man), one of seventeen children, was born in Burlington County in 1821. His father escaped slavery from Maryland to New Jersey and later was followed by his wife and children. William Still left New Jersey for Philadelphia in 1844. Three years later he was appointed secretary of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society.

“When Brother William Still was 23, he left the family farm in New Jersey for Philadelphia, to seek his fortune. He arrived, friendless with only five dollars in his possession. Mr. Still taught himself to read and write. In fact, so well, that in three years he was able to gain and hold the position of secretary in the Pennsylvania Abolition Society. Brother Still provided the all-white society with his views on how to aid fugitive slaves. After all, he had been one himself. He was such an asset to the group, that he was elected chairman in 1851. Still held the position for the next ten years. He also became chairman of the Vigilance Committee in 1852. Still was the first black man to join the society and was able to provide first-hand experience of what it was like to be a slave.”

“Mr. Still established a profitable coal business in Philadelphia. His house was used as one of the stations on the Underground Railroad. Brother Still interviewed escaped fugitives and kept careful records of each so that their family and friends might locate them. According to his records, Still helped 649 slaves receive their freedom. The number is compounded with the number of slaves saved by Sister Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad.”

“William Still, a self-educated man, began his campaign to end racial discrimination on Philadelphia streetcars. He wrote an account of this campaign in Struggle for the Civil Rights of the Coloured People of Philadelphia in the City Railway Cars (1867). He followed this with The Underground Railroad (1872) and Voting and Laboring (1874).”

“William Still, a self-educated man, established an orphanage for the children of African-American soldiers and sailors. Other charitable work included the founding of a Mission Sabbath School and working with the Young Men’s Christian Association. William Still died in Philadelphia on 14th July, 1902.”

The Concise History of Berean Institute:

“In 1904 Berean Institute of Philadelphia Pennsylvania qualified for state aid and received a grant of $10,000. Over the years, state aid has enabled the school to expand its services and diversify its programs of study. Funds from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania now provide a significant portion of the total operating budget. Berean Institute embarked on a program of expansion under the dynamic leadership of the late Dr. William H. Gray, Jr., who utilized the support of many influential citizens of Pennsylvania including the former Governor Milton J. Shapp. Dr. Gray served as Chairman of the Berean Board of Trustees. Under Dr. Gray’s leadership Berean Manual and Industrial School began operating as Berean Institute. He also had Berean Institute’s current building constructed in 1973.”

“Mrs. Lucille P. Blondin, who served the school for forty-five years, became Berean Institute’s first President. Mrs. Blondin retired in June 1993. Dr. Norman K. Spencer was appointed to serve as the second President and Chief Executive Officer. Under Dr. Spencer’s leadership, contracted programs funded by the City and Commonwealth agencies as well as community outreach projects have been added. Hon. John Braxton, former Judge, Court of Common Pleas heads a list of distinguished Board of Trustees members.”

“Berean Institute enrolled students in full and part-time programs. Most of the students are residents of the Commonwealth and live in Philadelphia. Other students have come from Central and South America, China, India, Puerto Rico, Tonga, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Tanzania, the Dominican Republic, England, Cambodia, Viet Nam and states along the eastern seaboard of the United States.”

“A number of students come to learn a marketable skill and their Berean training fulfills their current educational aspirations. Many others regard the school as a stepping-stone to further education. Berean has many graduates who have gone on to earn four-year college degrees and others who have completed graduate studies at some of the area’s outstanding institutions of higher learning.”

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania’s Department of Education granted Berean Institute approval to award the Associate in Specialized Technology Degree on September 15, 1976, and the Associate in Specialized Business Degree on December 27, 1976.

Again, education is:

“The act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life; the act or process of imparting or acquiring particular knowledge or skills, as for a profession; a degree, level, or kind of schooling: a university education; .the result produced by instruction, training, or study: to show one’s education; the science or art of teaching; pedagogics.”

A definition of education: ‘The act or process of educating or being educated; the knowledge or skill obtained or developed by a learning process; a program of instruction of a specified kind or level: driver education; a college education; the field of study that is concerned with the pedagogy of teaching and learning; an instructive or enlightening experience: Unabridged

Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2009

So why does another school rate it’s accreditation over and above that of another? Money! Many colleges and universities rate its’ educational values based on the amount of money in its’ coffers as well as the amount of money that they can amass!  Another tool to increase superiority in the education business is to attain and maintain accreditation and as many acquisitions as possible.

Several opinions suggest education achieved through these venues is designed to prepare people/students for the job market as opposed to being prepared for life skills. The skills required to carry ones posterity and their descendants that follow into prosperous futures.

Is it fair to assess the stature of a collegiate institution above any other based on the amount of money that is needed to be spent or the amount of education that is achieved? Ivy league institutions turn out many students who are not prepared for the challenges of life…but many of them are rich and have spent thousands of dollars to attend those schools as well as graduating from them. On the other hand, many poor people that are lucky enough to qualify for grants, loans, scholarships, etc., are better prepared to face the challenges set before them (so it seems).

Many poor and working poor students seem to value the collegiate level education as if their life depended upon it, so they tend to work a bit harder to achieve the degree status. The document can be deemed worthless when the graduate cannot find the desired job for which he/she has studied. It is even worse when the graduated student finds that they are worse off than when they started college. They are now burdened with school loan debt plus the debts that they have had to meet before attending college. Working at McDonalds and the like, seem to be the only job that is attainable for many of them. The competition is fierce. These students are for the most part, grouped in with many applicants that are not college educated and many do not have high school diplomas as well! The knowledge attained is not considered or tested by many of these employers. Kiosk type pictures on a cash-register computer is what they have to work with. Is this not insulting to a student who has studied computer science, read and write computer programs and its languages, as well as other academics of study? 

Why is it that many non-ivy league students find themselves out of work? Why is it that many of them find that they are the first to lose their employment positions compared to their ivy-league colleagues? Why is it that many inner-city college educated graduates find themselves less likely to be selected as team-leaders than their counter part ivy-leaguers? Many employers advertise their openings with statements that don’t require a college level education. They ask that candidates simply have a high school level education. College educated candidates apply to those openings and find themselves scrutinized out of the running, i.e., background checks, credit checks, criminal histories, schooling activities, etc. Why is it college educated candidates find that not only do they have to compete with ivy-leaguers, they have to compete with high school educated folks as well. What is the sense in enduring hours, years, and other sacrifices to attain the coveted two and/or four-year college level degree when you’re not going to qualify for the job anyway? 

The notion of accreditation, money, and notable stature should not be the basis of choosing the collegiate route to education. Education should be based on ones ability to achieve, retain, and utilize education. The achievement of education begins in the home (as well as anyone who desires it). It begins with the Childs’ upbringing and the stressed importance placed by the parent and/or guardian. Should the child be highly scholastic in abilities that enable him/her to be described as intellectually talented above average, that student deserves free college education. While the rest of us who are collegiate material may well have to pay for our higher education. Mind you, my argument is based on the ability to access education without having to spend money…teachers need to earn a living, schools need to pay the costs of operating and maintaining buildings and staff. So the money has to come from somewhere. Albeit, the aforementioned disparages between different colleges should cease the practice of who’s a better institution of higher learning. Is it the responsibility of educated people to enlighten people who are not?

While many may not be aware, education is achievable without attending so-called accredited and/or less accredited schools, of higher learning…start with the libraries in your homes as well as the public facilities, news papers, magazines, shared information, and articles. Why is the education attained by others kept to a level of secrecy that one should have to pay for it?

Attained and acquired education is the responsibility of the educational pursuer…the burden is placed solely on the student not the educational pursued. I’m not advocating that one can become a doctor, architect, or a lawyer by simply reading text…there is a difference between education and training.

Education is yours to achieve and it can be free.


Biography of William Still

Biography of the Berean Institute

Source by Gregory V. Boulware

According to top economists, the Denver housing market (and that of the nation, in general) should start reaping the benefits of positive signs on employment and economic growth in the coming several months. This is great news for all who’ve endured what has been a challenging economic climate for the past two years.

First of all, employment is up. The Labor Department reports that there were 200,000 more job openings nationwide in February 2010 (2.7 million) than in the same survey the month before.

Secondly, the expected growth of gross domestic product (GDP), the main barometer of the U.S. economy’s health, is for a very solid 3% during the first quarter of 2010. Top experts are saying these signs are indicative of a labor market, as well as an economy that is in the midst of recovery.

How does that impact the real estate market? Expanding employment, like we’re seeing, that’s created by a momentum-gaining national economy are critical precursors to stimulating high demand and sales. The more plentiful jobs are and the higher buying power of consumers create increased demand for homes, which are already in somewhat short supply. As we’re headed into a traditionally stronger time of the year for housing (spring and summer), analysts are predicting a strong market over the next several months. And, because the federal tax incentives ($8,000 for first-time buyers and $6,500 for repeat buyers) will be expiring at the end of April, sales volume through the spring should be steadily improving to ramp up for the summer season.

As far as home pricing goes, evidence continues to mount that in most parts of the country, home values have either bottomed out or have turned positive. Here in Denver, we are one of just six cities listed in a Standard & Poor’s report last month that showed a year-over-year increase in prices – we seemed to have bottomed out in February 2009, but have been gaining steadily now since September of last year.

Nationally, last week’s Zillow home value report found values essentially flat on a national average basis. They were down by just three tenths of a percent, but up in some major markets of note. For example, Boston’s home values are up nearly 2% year-over-year, according to Zillow, and Los Angeles, San Diego, Philadelphia and Denver have registered gains after long periods of negative numbers.

Two other statistical hints that conditions are improving:

•The difference between listed prices and selling prices of homes nationwide is now smaller than it’s been in a year, according to real estate research site

•Realty Trac found that foreclosures, which are clearly still a drag on the market, dropped by 2% last month, which is the second straight month of decline.

Source by Marianne Bandy

Affordable Living and Retirement in Nova Scotia, Canada

If you’re budget-minded, don’t mind a bit of cold weather (or are seeking the perfect warm-weather retreat), love seafood, and have a historic mindset, then Nova Scotia is the place for you.

During the late 19th-century, Nova Scotia beckoned a select group of wealthy families, who traveled by train and steamer to their grand seaside Victorian “cottages” from New York, Boston, Philadelphia and other industrial hotbeds.

Little has changed in 100 years at this summer colony in the North Atlantic: The atmosphere is still somewhat staid, unhurried and family-oriented. The pristine coast is uncrowded and less developed than anywhere in North America; the real estate still costs just a fraction of that in the United States and Europe.

Nova Scotia, located on Canada’s Atlantic coast east of Maine, is shaped like a lobster with its claws grasping toward the remote province of Newfoundland and its tail pointing in the direction of New York and Boston. Latin for “New Scotland,” Nova Scotia is named for its resemblance to the homeland of some its first European settlers. The Scottish print on this land is large, but so is that of the Irish, French and the British–with each culture having left its mark.

About half the size of New York State with a population just under a million, Nova Scotia boasts 3,600-miles of craggy shoreline sprinkled with scenic fishing villages and quaint small towns. Long a destination for vacationers and retirees from throughout Canada, in recent years, the once sleepy region has been attracting American and European transplants with its seductive beauty, rich history, slow pace, proximity to the United States and, of course, affordable real estate.

Perhaps nowhere in Nova Scotia is the official label “Canada’s Ocean Playground” more pronounced than on the South Shore. In the heart of this region along Nova Scotia’s picturesque Lighthouse Route lies White Point Estates, a charming oceanside residential community developed amid White Point Beach Resort & Country Club–once a private lodge for well-heeled outdoorsmen. On prime oceanfront fringed by white sand beaches, lush woodlands and a flowing river, White Point, is a microcosm of the best of Nova Scotia. With its laid-back historic ambience and hypnotic water views, the new seaside enclave seems almost too good to be true.

In the midst of a sprawling 159-room resort with lodges and private cottages and a 9-hole CPGA-rated golf course to boot, White Point offers a variety of lots to build on. They range from 3/4 of an acre to roughly 2 acres and are priced starting at $45,000. Building lot choices offer something for everyone; including gently-sloping wooded spreads and stunning oceanfront (and waterview) sites. Here, in-the-know expatriates and Canadians are buying lots to build vacation and full-time residences in an area where they will rub elbows with cosmopolitan transplants, tourists, seafarers and locals. So far, a handful of lots have been sold, but given their prices and the accompanying amenities, including a a host of services and recreational opportunities, they are sure to go fast. And, White Point will work with you through every step of the home-building process.

Sales of vacation and future retirement properties in places like White Point Estates are booming, real estate specialists say. Cost-conscious and city-weary arrivals from afar increasingly seek respite and new starts in Nova Scotia. No wonder the maritime province is increasingly lighting up the radar screens of those searching for an affordable alternative to traditional vacation, second home and retirement retreats, where rising home prices have left many priced-out of the market.

Since the media–including the likes of Consumer Reports, International Living and CNN–have begun to rate Nova Scotia among the world’s best places to vacation, live and retire, property costs have risen as much as 50% annually in some areas of the province. Yet despite the price increases, property here remains a fraction of what one would pay for similar real estate back home. And with enticements like some of the world’s most spectacular scenery, a relatively temperate climate (winters are milder than the northern U.S.), and a low profile, stress-free lifestyle far from the rat race, wars and terrorism, it’s easy to see why life looks so good under the Maple Leaf.

For details about White Point Estates, visit or contact Doug Fawthrop at 902-354-2711, ext. 370 (toll-free 800-613-2171), e-mail:

Getting There

Nova Scotia is close enough to the U.S. and Europe that you won’t get jet lag getting there. The capital Halifax is a 2-hour flight from New York; 6 hours from London. Portland, Maine, from which the 5.5-hour ferry departs to Nova Scotia, is about a 90-minute drive from Boston. For ferry information, visit:

Where to Stay

White Point Estates offers a Site Inspection Package (couples for $159 weekdays; $199 weekends), allowing prospective buyers to visit for two nights at White Point Beach Resort while exploring all that the community has to offer. To reserve a tour, call 1-800-613-2171.

For More Information

Passport to Canada: The Complete Guide to Living and Retiring in Nova Scotia, an eBook available at

Source by Shannon Roxborough

An agreement wheree a seller promises to sell an interest in realty by conveying a deed to the designated estate for which a buyer promises to pay a specified purchase price is known as a real estate purchase contract. The interest the seller conveys in the deed may not be a full interest, otherwise known as a fee simple absolute. If the seller is a tenant in common, meaning they own a percentage of the estate, they can sell or will that percentage of the estate to a third party.

The purchasing agreement will have to explicitly state what kind of property the buyer is purchasing. The procurement agreement must also convey the amount of the land being sold. If a seller has sold the rights to the subsurface of their land, to an oil company for example, then they no longer have the rights to the subsurface and must convey this when they sell the reminder of their property.

In this case, a buyer would have a fee simple absolute to the real property, house, trees, anything attached to the land, and the air rights; they would not own the rights to the subsurface of the property, though. Failure to convey the full extent of the seller's estate, or previously previously sold portions of the land would violate the statute of frauds.

Another fraud issue is where there are back taxes on the property. The seller must convey any outstanding taxes on the property before the buyer actually purchases it. The purchase contract must meet all the requirements of the memorandum, which fully and explicitly states what would violate the statute of frauds.

In many counties, brokers use purchase agreements that have been preapproved by the local bar association and the local real estate brokers association. There are various contracts for various estates. However, a broker must often make lengthy additions to each contract to meet the memorandum requirements for each specific property. These additions are also specific to whether the buyer is pre-approved or has a loan in place.

Additions to the contracts also state from which institution the buyer is borrowing. The contract also specifically states which fixtures or pieces of equipment the buyer is purchasing in addition to the land or house. Typically, these refer to built-in appliances, like central air, but it also reflects to anything that is mounted to the wall. One of the most important elements of the contract is that it specifically addresses any concerns about inspection.

While it is not legally required in all states, home inspections help determine the value of the home beyond what a person can visually determine. If a home was acceptable for purchase from what the buyer could tell, but the housing inspection determined there were termites in the walls and black mold in the basement, for example, the buyer has the right to remedy.

During this remedy period, the buyer may walk away from the purchase or renegotiate a better price to include any work that must be done to make the house habitable, or simply make standard improvements. The buyer's amount of leverage depends on the issue found with the home and the seller's ability to find another buyer.

During a real estate purchase, the buyer is often required to give the broker what is known as earnest money. Earnest money is simply a percentage of the sale price, which demonstrates that buyer is ready, willing, and able to go through with the purchase. This also motivates the buyer to ensure the transaction is completed. If the transaction is not completed, the buyer loses this earnest money. Typically, a buyer is further along in the purchasing process before earnest money is required.

Source by Nicolas Dálleva

If you are planning to move to Philadelphia and looking for Philadelphia Pennsylvania apartments, you have hundreds of reasons to do so. One of the largest cities of US, Philadelphia also happens to be the sixth most populous city in America. The economy is very strong and is constantly growing; some of the topmost economic segments include tourism, oil refining, financial services, healthcare, biotechnology, manufacturing and food processing. It is really an attractive place if you are seeking an impetus in your career.

If you are one of those lucky residents in one of those much-coveted apartments in Philadelphia, you can pay a visit to the various art galleries and museums like Philadelphia museum of art, Rodin Museum, National liberty museum, African American Museum, Museum of Archaeology and Please Touch Museum. If you are adventurous enough, you can even head for Philadelphia Insectarium. The city has several places where you can enjoy delicious local as well as ethnic American cuisines; so, if you are a gourmet, you have every reason to be here.

With countless gardens and parks like Palumbo Playground, Smith Playground, and McAlpin Playground, you can definitely take a stroll or go for jogging to refresh your mood. There are other options to offer you swimming, boating and hiking experiences. Life will never be boring for you and while you choose to live in Philadelphia Pennsylvania apartments, you need not opt for a confined existence. Nightlife is amazing too with a number of bars and clubs like North Bowl, Jacks Firehouse, Cantina Los Caballlitos and many others.

Here are five things you should look for before choosing from the Philadelphia apartments and closing the deal:

1. See if the neighborhood is safe or not; also check out the kind of people who reside there.

2. Your apartment must have good public transportation system in the vicinity.

3. Make sure that your apartment provides you parking facilities.

4. Make sure that there are markets, gyms, healthcare clinics, and drug stores nearby.

5. The Philadelphia apartments you choose from must provide nice-shied from precipitation; remember that the city experiences rainfall throughout the year.

You could opt for Philadelphia apartments for rent as well; apart from the aspects already mentioned, here are five things you should check out:

1. how affordable the rent is

2. what your rights are as a tenant

3. if you are allowed to smoke and to keep pets

4. if it is free from legal complications

5. whether you can sublet in case you go away

The neighborhood of apartments in Philadelphia must suit your needs. For instance, go for South Philadelphia if you are an outdoor-kind-of a person and you need reasonable priced apartments. West Philadelphia would suit you if you were a student. Northeast Philadelphia if a good option if you want to go for affordable Philadelphia apartments for rent or if you want to buy one.

Source by Ruth Caldon

Roman Gabriel had a long and impressive National Football League career.  He had a strong arm and a lot of courage, usually playing a sizable role in the outcome of his team’s games.  He played for both the Los Angeles Ram and the Philadelphia Eagles during his time in the National Football League, and though he never got to the big game he was usually ranked as one of the leading passers.

Here is a look at five things you may not know about the great Roman Gabriel.

#1  The first TD pass Roman Gabriel ever threw in the National Football League came in a 27-17 loss to the Dallas Cowboys.  It was a fourth quarter pass, it went 48 yards, and was caught by Pervis Atkins.  This would be the only touchdown he would ever throw to Atkins.

#2  Gabriel threw for more touchdowns in the second quarter than he did at any other point in the game.  He threw 39 first quarter touchdown passes, 43 in the third quarter, and 54 in the fourth quarter.  He would put up 65 scoring passes though in the second quarter during his career.

#3  No player caught more touchdown passes from Roman Gabriel that Rams receiver Jack Snow with 37.

#4  Roman Gabriel threw more career TD passes against the San Francisco 49ers, a total of 25, than he did against any other team.

#5  The longest touchdown throw Roman Gabriel threw in his entire career came during the 1969 season, it went 93 yards and was caught by Wendell Tucker.

Source by Mark Peters

Pat Williams stepped up to the podium to address the Orlando media. “I’ve got good news and I’ve got bad news,” said Williams. “We’re in the chase, but we’re way behind.” The idea of the Orlando Magic was born in the public’s heart that morning, but the journey had just begun.

Pat Williams met Jimmy Hewitt in 1984 when Hewitt heard him speaking at a function in Tulsa. By pure serendipity, their paths crossed at the First Presbyterian Church in Orlando a year later. Williams, in his 11th year with the Philadelphia 76ers, had heard rumblings of the potential for an NBA expansion. While mulling over the possibility of leaving his position as general manager in an effort to be a part of something new and exciting, Pat had begun considering locations in Florida, namely Tampa and Miami. When Jimmy heard that Pat was considering Tampa or Miami, he said, “The future of Florida is here, Bubba.” Pat was dubious, especially because Orlando’s arena was still only in its blue print stage. However, he was convinced by Jimmy and Mayor Bill Frederick that the Arena could be fast tracked if there was a possibility of getting a professions sports team in Orlando. Pat flew from the airport with the growing belief that Orlando might be ready for the NBA.

All that would have to wait as Pat Williams was still under contract to run the 76ers in the 1985-1986 season. With Coach Matt Guokas, a name every Magic fan is familiar with, and a star-studded lineup featuring Moses Malone, a young Charles Barkley, Julius “Dr. J” Erving, and Maurice Cheeks, Williams knew he had a good chance at another title run. Unfortunately, their shot a championship ended when Dr. J missed a last second shot against the Milwaukee Bucks in the game 7 of the Semi-Conference Finals. Despite the fact that the 76ers had the number one first round pick and a great group of players, Williams knew it was time to migrate south.

Pat Williams flew to Orlando and met with Jimmy Hewitt and Tip Lifvendahl, the editor of the Orlando Sentinel. The next morning the first story broke in the Orlando Sentinel that Pat Williams was becoming the pied piper for an NBA franchise in Orlando. A few days later, Pat called the pivotal press conference at the Expo Centre. He announced that Orlando was going to lobby to join the NBA through the rumored expansion. The other teams in the running at that point were Charlotte, Minneapolis, and Miami. Pat announced that they would begin taking $100-per-year season ticket deposits for up to three years. Tip Lifvendahl came up to Williams afterwards and said, “Put us down for 100 tickets and a skybox.” The next morning, Jimmy went down to the post office to check the P.O. Box and found it empty, except a small note that said to speak to a clerk. He approached the desk and was told to wait a moment. The clerk disappeared, and soon returned with over 400 letters full of pledges.

Subsequently, this press conference sparked the first bit of controversy in what would be a long and heated rivalry with Miami. Pat Williams was asked what he thought about Miami also chasing a franchise and the competition that might arise. Williams answered back, “I think we all know the problems Miami has.” The next morning, the Miami Herald ran the story with the headline, “Orlando Enters Chase, Williams Blasts Miami.” Just like that, the rivalry that Williams refers to as the “Grapefruit Wall” had begun.

One of the most integral steps in creating a sports franchise is devising a name that is representative of the city. The Orlando Sentinel ran a contest, urging members of the Central Florida community to send in their best suggestions. Almost 4,000 different names were submitted within a couple of days. Four finalist names were selected as finalists: Tropics, Juice, Heat and Magic. “Tropics” was eliminated because it isn’t geographically accurate for Orlando. “Juice” was discarded because the citrus industry was having a horrific year. “Heat” was dismissed because it was deemed to be one of these least embraceable facets of living in Florida. Williams approached Disney to make sure that there wouldn’t be any conflict over the name selection. Disney approved and the rest is history.

On July 2nd, 1986, Williams, Hewitt, state Sen. George Stuart, and Mayor Frederick traveled to New York City to meet with David Stern. As they presented their deposit check of $100,000 for the official application reporters were present to snap pictures. Williams reached behind his back and plopped a big pair of Mickey Mouse ears on David Stern’s head. Quick as a whip, Stern removed the hat before any pictures could be taken. Williams had a second pair waiting and seized the opportunity again, this time pictures were taken before David Stern had a chance to remove it. Within hours these shots were printed nationally.

The Orlando Magic had officially put their hat in the ring. The arena was being fast-tracked and the citizens of Central Florida were buzzing with excitement about the possibility of having their first local professional sports franchise. The next step was creating a logo and uniforms. Enter Doug Minear. Doug created the iconic logo with the words “Orlando Magic” sprawled across a black backdrop with a trail of stars behind a basketball. Initially the colors being used were black and yellow, but they showed up on the poorest on a basketball court and were deemed to be too similar to UCF’s black and gold. The end result was the Magic blue, quicksilver, and midnight black.

By this point, two more groups had entered the expansion race: Toronto and Anaheim. Representatives from the six cities were scheduled to meet in Phoenix on October 19th, 1986 to pitch their cases to the NBA front office and the owners of the existing teams. The morning after the meeting the board conferred and called all the representatives into a room for the meeting. It was announced that an expansion committee was being formed and that it had been decided that up to three teams would be included. One reporter, Bob Ryan, later referred to this as “the most important non-game events in the history of the NBA.” Among the hoopla, Lewis Schaffel, general manager of the Miami Heat called Orlando a “second-rate city” and questioned the integrity of the ticket count in Orlando. He later apologized, but the tension was already palpable and a rivalry was ballooning before the teams ever met at the center circle.

Two months later, on December 18th, all the teams were told to meet in New York at the NBA’s headquarters. David Stern announced that two teams had been eliminated from the race: Anaheim and Toronto. They were also told that the expansion fee had expanded from $20 million to an exorbitant $32.5 million. Up until that time, the Orlando Magic ownership structure had been based around a lot of smaller, minority investors and then a few general partners. People with behind the scenes information were telling Williams that the NBA owners didn’t like that structure and that it could be a killing point for their chances at being selected. Williams approached Disney CEO, Michael Eisner. Disney originally approved the ownership under a series of provisos:

Disney would retain 20% ownership, but would put no money up. Instead they would request that the NBA drop the $32.5 million dollar fee by 20%.

Disney would design all logos, uniforms, and merchandise.

Disney could use their characters for promotion at the arena.

A “sporty” version of Goofy would be the secondary permanent mascot.

Full rights as the Magic’s advertising agency.

Promotion of Magic/Disney ticket packages, complete with ground transportation from the resorts and to be promoted on the Disney Channel.

David Stern vetoed the idea because it was deemed unfair to drop the rate for one team, and not the others. That’s when William du Pont III stepped up to the plate.

Originally one of the minority owners, Pat Williams approached du Pont to ask him if he would be interested in stepping up from minority partner to general partner. Understanding the gravity of the situation, du Pont agreed. Later, it was revealed that the NBA didn’t want Williams to be involved as an owner and a general manager and that the board still wanted a majority operating manager. Pat Williams relinquished all of his shares, and Jimmy Hewitt, who can easily be accredited as the second most pivotal person in bring a franchise to the city, dropped the majority of his shares to become a minority owner. The Orlando Magic had their first Managing General Partner in William du Pont III.

On March 2nd, 1987 the NBA Expansion committee visited Orlando. It was made very clear that they didn’t want the media to catch wind of their arrival, because they didn’t want to see a staged reaction from Orlando. After touring the Arena construction site they were confronted outside by protesters. The committee members were hurried into cars, but they were followed by a pickup truck filled with angry protesters. The van driver gunned it across Colonial and down Edgewater Drive in College Park, eventually losing their pursuers. Despite the chaotic incident, the members seemed to be genuinely impressed with the progress Orlando was making with the construction of the Arena and with their advanced ticket sales.

One of the most pivotal moments during this expansion period came in April of 1987 in New York City. All of the teams were gathered and told that a decision had been made. Representatives from the teams awaited the news while David Stern, the owners, and all of the members of the Expansion Committee convened. During their meeting, a controversy about the placement of teams in specific divisions arose. The issue is that expansion teams begin with a lower caliber of talent and therefore generally maintain losing records for their first few seasons. This places their division rivals in a favorable situation, because they have a total of four games against a much weaker opponent. Therefore any team in a division with an Expansion team has a distinct advantage. Gary Bettman, the league counselor, came up with a plan that is simply referred to as “The Bettman Plan.” The idea behind this plan is that each Expansion team will rotate between different conferences and divisions in the first three years, and then the divisions can be shifted to make sense geographically. The preliminary agreement placed the Magic in the Central Division in their first year, the Midwest division in the 2nd year, and the Atlantic division for its third year. After their meeting they addressed all of the teams individually, notifying them that all four teams would be admitted, as long as they maintained certain criteria, the 10,000 ticket pre sale being tantamount. The only bad news that came from this meeting was that the Magic would start in 1989 with Minneapolis, while Miami and Charlotte would begin a year before.

That evening at Church Street Station, Bob Snow threw an enormous celebration with plenty of live TV and radio coverage. Pat Williams and Jimmy Hewitt wore T-shirts that said “WE BELIEVE IN MAGIC!” Orlando had officially claimed a professional sports team, as long as they could maintain interest and sell 10,000 tickets and complete construction of the Arena on time.

The Arena’s construction had been fast tracked and it was time to choose a name for the complex. Many names were considered and rejected. Eventually, it was decided that most of the names were too chichi. The name that stuck was the Orlando Arena. Taking a look back, there were some pretty interesting contenders for the title, including:

The Alpha

The Omega

The Ultra

Magic Palace


The Cauldron

The Quest

The Centro

The Grove

The Podium

The Orlandome

The Orbit

The Centrum (the building’s working name when it was originally proposed in the 1960s)

Everything was finally coming together and it was time to staff up. Pat Williams approached Matt Guokas, with whom he had worked with for many years in Philadelphia. Guokas had been the head coach during the 76ers championship run in the 1982-1983 season. Matt visited Orlando and again the Magic representatives wanted to shield him from the over-aggressive media. He stayed at Danny Durso’s house. At one point, they visited the UCF arena and darted out of a back door when they saw that UCF assistant coach, Eric Dennis was on the court shooting baskets. Despite probably being a little uncomfortable with all of the cloak and dagger antics, Goukas eventually did accept the job to become the first Head Coach of the Orlando Magic franchise. Pat Williams set up a press conference to introduce him to the public in his new role for the first time, but unfortunately Williams forgot to check with Guokas to make sure he could make it. It turned out that Matt Guokas was supposed to attend his nephew’s graduation and wasn’t the time to miss an engagement that he had promised to attend. So Pat took a little beating from the press when he introduced a coach who was neither present, nor had prepared a written statement of acceptance. The next morning, at a subsequent press conference, Guokas showed and formally announced his new position to an appeased gathering of the local media. Ex-San Antonio Spurs Head Coach Bobby Weiss would be named as the Magic’s first ever assistant coach. Getting a coach of his caliber as an assistant was an incredible stroke of luck. He actually appeared to be the front-runner at the time for the Minneapolis Head Coaching position.

Throughout the course of all these events, an ominous deadline was looming. Reports were coming in that all of the other cities were struggling to meet their 10,000 ticket quota. With 8 weeks until their deadline, Miami was only at 7,500 tickets sold. The Magic were faring a little better, but were struggling to collect the rest of the money owed from those who had secured their seats with the initial deposits. The prices on seats were extremely competitive for the time. Regular seats ranged from $344 per season to $1,395 for the prime seats. Skyboxes were priced at $45,000 for the first three years, and $50,000 for the following two years. With time running out the Magic had reached a point where they needed to secure over 100 tickets a day for the last couple of months. A letter was sent out, essentially telling people that their tickets had been cancelled. This sent people into a frenzy of apologies and resulted in a flurry of checks flooding the Orlando Magic head office. With nine days to go, Greg Wallace of Bug Hut, an auto repair shop, came into the office and bought the last eight season tickets to become the 10,000th ticket buyer.

With the logo designed it was time to create a mascot. Quite a few ideas were tossed around. Here’s a few that never made it:

A magic bean with a big star on its torso

A rabbit with a cape and a magician’s top hat

A tourist-looking character with stars for eyes, a wizard’s cap, short shorts, and a star studded t-shirt.

A funny looking character that was a cross between a wizard and a ringmaster

A Muppet-like character that had palm tree leaves sticking out of the top of his head.

A cat dribbling a ball with star-studded shorts (looked a lot like Simba from the Lion King)

One of the designs in this batch was a rudimentary version of what would become Stuff. Originally, he was supposed to be purple. However, it became apparent that he closely resembled a Disney character named Figment that was used at Epcot. His design and color were eventually adjusted to create the loveable, green dragon that we all know today. He was first introduced on Halloween in 1988 at Church Street Station. Leading up to this momentous occasion, there was a big campaign including strange footprints leading from the arena to a giant, broken eggshell. Also, there were all kinds of reported “sightings” around town. The media really ran with the campaign and turned the unveiling into a huge events. Even USA Today, reported on it. Dave Raymond, the guy inside the Philly Phanatic, was hired to play Stuff for a one time appearance. Two local magicians, Giovanni and Tim, put on the entire show. Curly Neal began by performing tricks to get the crowd warmed up. Giovanni and Tim then put him into a giant box that was attached to a pole. The pole lifted up and as it reached its pinnacle, Stuff leaped out of the box and forever into the imagination of Orlando’s loyal fan base.

High octane sporting events all have a few things in common: screaming fans, jock jams, and cheerleaders. In order to create the necessary level of showmanship and excitement at the Orlando Arena, it was imperative that an incredible squad of local talent be assembled. Jodie Pennington was a choreographer for the FSU Golden Girls. She was eventually hired to become the head of the first ever Magic Girls. Tryouts were held in the fall of 1988 and received huge press coverage. Sixteen girls were selected to the first ever Magic Squad at an event at night club, J.J. Whispers, that fifteen hundred people attended. The Orlando Magic ran a huge, color photo of the girls two mornings later.

The pinstripe is one of the most recognizable symbols of the Magic’s history. Even years after the pinstripe had stopped being the primary design of the Orlando Magic’s uniform; one of the most renowned online Magic forums was titled “Orlando Pinstriped Post”. Every true Magic fan has bled Black and White pinstripes for over two decades. Originally the design was discarded because at the time it wasn’t possible to print the pinstripe on a material thin enough to be comfortable for an NBA player. However, an old material called Durene was found to be perfectly suited to the task, and over the course of a year, the uniforms were designed and created. They were unveiled to the public at the Omni hotel on October 21st, 1988 with the media present as the Dr. Phillips High School Band played as the newly assembled Magic Girls cheered on.

Unfortunately, the Magic do have to play half of their games on the road, so the next big step was to find a network that would carry all of Orlando’s games. The two major stations competing were the Sunshine Network and SportsChannel Florida. The Sunshine Network already reached 1.5 million homes, whereas SportsChannel Florida reached only 200,000. However, SportsChannel Florida already had exclusive rights to the Florida Gators and the Miami Heat. After tough negotiations, it was decided that the Orlando Magic wanted to have their own station, separate from their basketball rivals from southern Florida. Sunshine Network became the exclusive cable provider for the Orlando Magic local market.

“Have shoes, will travel!” This was the ad that legendary basketball star Darryl Dawkins placed in the Orlando Sentinel when he announced that he was going to come play in summer practice camps in 1988. He had actually ended a press conference the season before by saying, “Pat Williams get my contract ready! And make it big!” One of the most colorful characters in the history of the NBA, Darryl wasn’t exactly known at the time for being humble or magnanimous. However, he was a fantastic athlete and a definite crowd stopper, having shattered a few backboards in his time. Also, he had been drafted by none other than Pat Williams in 1975 (the first player ever to be drafted to the NBA straight out of high school), so a positive relationship existed. He showed up to the first rookie practice at the UCF arena and left thirty minutes later, saying he wouldn’t risk getting hurt without the assurance that he already had a roster spot. That presented a problem since they wanted to see him play to see if they wanted to add him to their roster. He no-showed for a second meeting, and the bizarre Daryl Dawkins saga ended as abruptly as it began.

Every piece was in place and every duck was in order. It was time for the expansion draft. June 15th 1989, representatives from Minneapolis and Orlando meet in New York in a closed session. An NBA representative, Gary Bettman, conducted the meeting through a conference call, and announced that each team would be provided five minutes for each pick. It turned out that both teams needed far less time than that, due to extensive scouting. Representing the Orlando Magic was owner Bill du Pont, General Manager Pat Williams, Attorney Robert Fraley, their assistant Rick Neal, and publicity guy, a young Alex Martins. Prior to this meeting the Orlando Magic had reached an agreement to sign Jeff Turner, who had played the previous two seasons in Italy. The rules of an Expansion Draft are relatively simple. Each existing team is allowed to protect eight players from their roster. Any exposed players are available for selection. Listed below are the results of the 1989 Expansion Draft:


Sidney Green (Knicks)

Reggie Theus (Hawks)

Terry Catledge (Bullets)

Sam Vincent (Bulls)

Otis Smith (Warriors)

Scott Skiles (Pacers)

Jerry Reynolds (Sonics)

Mark Acres (Celtics)

Morlon Wiley (Mavericks)

Jim Farmer (Jazz)

Keith Lee (Nets)

Frank Jonson (Rockets)


Rick Mahorn (Pistons)

Tyrone Corbin (Suns)

Steve Johnson (Blazers)

Brad Lohaus (Kings)

David Rivers (Lakers)

Mark Davis (Bucks)

Scott Roth (Spurs)

Shelton Jones (Sixers)

Eric White (Clippers)

Maurice Martin (Nuggets)

Gunther Behnke (Cavaliers)

The Orlando Magic’s first roster was assembled. Jeff Turner would join the team as well and that only left two spots left, to be filled in the Magic’s first ever NBA Draft.

June 27th, 1989. The Magic were ready for the NBA Draft, but there was a problem. They didn’t feel like they had a serviceable starting center on their roster. They were scrambling to try to find one, but there wasn’t any good options available at their number eleven pick in the first round. The GM of the Chicago Bulls, Jerry Krause, had offered Dave Corzine for two future 2nd round draft picks. Unfortunately, there was a contingency attached. The Bulls would only do the trade if they were able to receive J.R. Reid, Danny Ferry, Pervis Ellison, or Stacey King with their number six pick in the first round. The draft began and the first two picks were Pervis Ellisson and Danny Ferry, which lead to an unbearable tension among the Magic front office. As the minutes dragged by, it was beginning to look like the trade might disappear as quickly as it had begun. San Antonio and Miami owned the next two selections and in a stroke of luck for the Orlando Magic they chose Sean Elliot and Glen Rice, respectively. The Bulls chose Stacey King, and the trade was secured. Now it was time for the Magic to focus on their first ever draft pick. Their scouting had them extremely excited about one particular player out of Illinois. This was a huge moment. This selection was their first shot at getting a young player that could really make a long term impact on the team. With the number eleven overall pick in the 1989 NBA Draft, the Orlando Magic choose…

Excerpt from The Magic Word blog at

Source by Adam Foxman